The increasing internationalization of the medical profession raises the issue of safeguarding the practice of the medical workforce. There is a growing trend towards quality assurance and accreditation of medical schools worldwide. Globally, countries use accreditation and standards as regulatory mechanisms to ensure the quality of medical education, and in turn healthcare.
Global standards in medical education are needed because of this globalization process, and they are also important to help in addressing national problems and challenges resulting from changes in the health care delivery services, from institutional conservatism to insufficient management and leadership.
As medicine is known as passport of better life in the country and on the other hand the high financial profit of medical institutions has enhanced the expansion of new medical institutions. This rapid growth in establishment of medical institutions has placed extra demands on the medical education system much in need of development. Most of the institutions lack a clear mission, sufficient resources, adequate settings for clinical training and research attainment. In reaction, emphasis has arisen on quality assurance, standardization and accreditation.
Accreditation is one method of assuring quality. Accreditation requires the setting of standards and the creation of a robust and reliable process for assessing them. Accreditation offers different advantages to different groups, e.g.: quality assurance to commissioners and the boards of provider organizations, confidence and choice for students, a quality improvement pathway for education to follow and finally assurance of patient and doctor safety. The Afghanistan Medical Council as independent body based on AMC Law is obliged to accredit all public and private higher medical education institutions through reliable processes.